The new material which is formed through combining at least two different materials in macro dimensions is called composite material.
The purpose of the production of composite is to add new features to make the materials which are not suitable on their own and which cannot be solved within each other and to make them capable of giving properties suitable for their use areas. (Strength, lightness, flexibility, cost etc.)
Composite materials are composed of two components.
- Matrix Materials (Polymer, metal and with metal alloy, ceramic based materials)
- Reinforcement Material (Steel, carbide, aramid, nylon etc.)
The composite takes its strength from reinforcement materials, which are generally hard and brittle. Matrix materials give the composite the properties of toughness and ductility. The duty of keeping the materials together is of the matrix material.
Composite material has a wide usage area due to its both high strength and lightness.